Forum

WordPress | Preguntas tipo para la certificación de LinkedIn

Cita
Cita de Bruchentko en 23 agosto, 2021, 4:47 pm

Acá tengo algunas de las preguntas que vi en la certificación para WordPress de LinkedIn:

Preguntas:

En las respuestas voy a poner un sistema de paréntesis.
Tres paréntesis significa que estoy muy seguro, dos paréntesis que estoy algo seguro, y sólo un paréntesis que estoy poco seguro.

Primero van todas las preguntas, y luego nuevamente con las respuestas.

_

Q1. In WordPress, what is the Loop used to do?

It displays a single page.
It displays posts on an archive.
It displays a single post.
all of these answers

Q2.Who owns the trademark for WordPress and WordCamp names and logos?

WordPress Foundation
WordPress.com
Matt Mullenweg
Automattic

Q3. What is the name of the open-source project that serves as a bug tracker and project management tool for WordPress?

HackerOne
Redmine
Trac
GitHub Issues

Q4. The REST API is a simple way to get data in and out of WordPress over HTTP. Applications using the REST API should be written in which programming language?

PHP
any programming language that can make HTTP requests and interpret JSON
Java
Node.js

Q5. How many minutes does it take to install WordPress according to the “Famous X-Minute Installation” instructions on WordPress.org?

5
30
15
10

Q6. In WordPress, what is true of plugins?

Plugins are available in free or premium (paid) versions.
Plugins can extend WordPress core functionality.
all of these answers
Plugins add site-specific features.

Q7. Akismet is a plugin that comes automatically installed with WordPress. What does it do?

It connects your site to Google Analytics.
It displays a blog feed from websites similar to yours.
It protects your site from comment spam.
It hardens site security by enforcing strong passwords.

Q8. What would you do to improve your site’s performance?

Only load scripts and styles on pages where they are needed.
Minify CSS and JavaScript files.
all of these answers
Use a CDN.

Q9. The REST API utilizes which data format?

YAML
JSON
TXT
XML

Q10. What color is the paragraph nested within the div?

body { color: black; }

p { color: blue; }

div { color: green; }

p { color: red; }

This is a paragraph inside a div.

blue
black
red
green

Q11. Theme developers can take advantage of the Customizer API to give users a way to manipulate basic theme settings. The Customizer API is object-oriented and provides four main objects. What are they?

widgets, containers, sections, settings
containers, hooks, settings, styles
panels, blocks, controls, settings
panels, sections, controls, settings

Q12. Which WordPress setting would you use to make page URLs look like http://example.com/my-page/ instead of the default http://example.com/?p=21/?

Writing
Permalinks
Pretty URLs
Reading

Q13. In WordPress, what is the block editor used for?

cropping images in the media library
injecting specialized scripts into the content area
creating a site layout
creating and laying out content

Q14. Which of the following file types is NOT involved in translating WordPress?

.po
.pot
.mot
.mo

Q15. What is the default priority for an action hook or filter?

10
15
0
5

Q16. What’s the primary difference between template tags prefaced with the versus get_the?

Template tags prefaced with the _ don’t accept arguments.
Template tags prefaced with the _ can be used directly within a template.
Template tags prefaced with the _ display a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the return a value.
Template tags prefaced with the _ return a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the display a value.

Q17. WP_Query is the WordPress query class that is used to fetch posts from the database. How would you create a new instance of this class?

$query = new query_posts();
$query = new WP_Query();
$query = query_posts();
$query = get_posts();

Q18. What is a user role that is unique to WordPress Multisite?

MU Admin
Owner
Super Admin
Multisite Master

Q19. Within the editor, blocks are rendered as JavaScript. How are blocks rendered on the front end of a site?

as plain HTML
as a React component
as JavaScript comments
as HTML comments

Q20. Which of these is NOT a part of the internationalization and localization process?

using a gettext function to wrap translatable strings when writing code
installing/using the WordPress Multilingual Plugin
using a tool like Poedit to parse source code and extract translatable strings into a POT file
translators translating the POT file into a PO file, one for each language

Q21. The REST API provides public data, which is accessible to any client anonymously, as well as private data available only after authentication. How could you ensure that no one can anonymously access site data via the REST API?

Disable the REST API via the site’s wp-config.php file.
Use the rest_authentication_errors() filter along with the is_user_logged_in() conditional to limit access to logged in users.
Use the rest_authentication_errors() filter along with cookie authentication to limit access to logged in users.
Use the Disable REST API plugin.

Q22. Which of these snippets represents a wrapper that calls jQuery safely and doesn’t require repetitive use of the word “jQuery”?

.
$.ready(function() {
// do stuff
});

.
(function($) {
// do stuff
})( jQuery );

.
$(function() {
// do stuff
});

.
jQuery(function($) {
// do stuff
});

Q23. What is the correct order of parameters for the add_action() function?

add_action( 'example_hook', 'example_function', $accepted_args, $priority )
add_action( 'example_function', 'example_hook', $priority, $accepted_args )
add_action( 'example_hook', 'example_function', $priority, $accepted_args )
add_action( 'example_function', 'example_hook', $priority )

Q24. You have a search bar on your site. You would like to use a

Assign an ARIA state of “hidden” to the label, like this:
Use the built-in WordPress CSS class .screen-reader-text to hide the text from screen, like this:
Create a custom CSS class to set a large negative value to the text-indent property to hide the text off screen, like this:
The majority of users do not require a screen reader. Remove the label entirely.

Q25. You might see this code in a WordPress plugin. What does it do?
if ( ! defined( 'ABSPATH' ) ) {
die;
}

This is how WordPress detects a plugin’s presence. This ensures that the plugin is running from the /wp-content/plugins/ directory. If it is not, the plugin should not run.
This is a way to prevent naming collisions. ABSPATH is the absolute path to the plugin’s directory. If ABSPATH is defined by another WordPress plugin with the same directory slug, the plugin should not run.
This is a security measure. ABSPATH is the absolute path to the WordPress directory. If the file is called directly, ABSPATH will not be defined and therefore the plugin should not run.
This is a compatibility checker. ABSPATH is defined in WordPress core. The plugin checks that the minimum version of WordPress needed to support the plugin is installed. If it is not, the plugin should not run.

Q26. Which is a best practice for working with WordPress CSS?

Use !important next to styles if they don’t give you the result you want.
Use hyphens in class names.
Use spaces to indent each property.
Avoid CSS shorthand for proper documentation.

Q27. WordPress is translated, at least partially, in more than 200 locales. If you wanted to help translate WordPress into other languages, which contributor group would you join?

core
polyglots
accessibility
documentation

Q28. What is the difference between an action and a filter?

Actions are used to add custom functions and remove WordPress functions. Filters are used to make strings translatable for localization.
Actions are used to add or remove code at runtime. Filters are used to modify data before it is either displayed in the browser or saved to the database.
Actions are used to assign values to variables at runtime. Filters are used to extract data from actions and display it in the browser.
Actions are used to add user-inputted data to the database. Filters are used to validate user-inputted data prior to adding it to the database.

Q29. If you activate or update a plugin and it breaks your site so that you cannot manage it via wp-admin, how can you disable the plugin?

all of these answers
Access the WordPress install via WP-CLI. Run the following command: wp plugin deactivate offending-plugin.
Access site files via FTP and navigate to /wp-content/plugins/. Delete the folder of the plugin that you would like to disable or simply rename it.
Use phpMyAdmin to change the wp_options table’s active_plugins option value to a:0:{}.

Q30. The WordPress REST API is designed to receive and respond to particular types of requests using basic HTML methods. For example, a request to upload a PHP file into a particular folder on a server might look like the code POST /folder/_file.php. Based on this code, what would you call /folder/_file.php (in REST API terms)?

schema
route
response
request

Q31. Which WP-CLI command would you use to manage the capabilities of a user role?

wp-admin
wp-manage
wp-cap
wp-role

Q32. What technique would you use to secure data before rendering it to a user?

escape and sanitize
validate and escape
validate and sanitize
escape and secure

Q33. If your WordPress site is seriously compromised, what is the best course of action to return your site to good health?

Determine the date of the attack and restore your site to a backup point prior to that date.
Hire a third-party service to clean up your site because it is difficult for someone who is not a WordPress security expert to find and remove all traces of an attack.
Manually delete suspicious files on the server and delete any database tables that are not core WordPress.
Change your hosting password, your WordPress admin password, and your database password.
Explanation: It’s not the cheapest, but it’s the most reliable. Restoring the backup might not help if you have backdoor scripts installed outside of WP directory.

Q34. If you wanted to register a custom post type, which hook would you use?

register_post_type
add_meta_box
wp_head
init

Q35. What is the role of a WordPress theme?

controls colors, fonts, and page layouts
adds accessibility enhancements such as keyboard navigation and skip links
ensures a site is mobile responsive
all of these answers

Q36. What is the name of the open-sourse project that serves as a bug tracker and project management tool for WordPress?

Redmine
GitHub Issues
HakerOne
Trac

Q37. What is a user role that is unique to WordPress Multisite?

Owner
Super Admin
MU Admin
Multisite Master

Q38. How would you write a text string containing “Hello World!” in a way that makes it possible for someone else to translate the string into a different language?

apply_filters( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );
_( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );
\$string = "Hello World!";
esc_html( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );

Q39. What is the core mission of WordPress?

to make free software
to democratize publishing and the freedoms that come with open source
to make money
to encourage blogging

Q40. Which of the following is NOT a suggested security improvement for your WordPress website?

The site should communicate with WordPress.org.
Remove inactive themes.
Do not output debug information.
WordPress updates are accomplished manually only.
Explanation: Communicating with WordPress.org is needed for detecting new versions.

Q41. What’s the primary difference between template tags prefaced with the* versus get_the*?

Template tags prefaced with the_ can be used directly within a template. Template tags prefaced with get_the are generally reserved for partial templates.
Template tags prefaced with the_ return a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the display a value.
Template tags prefaced with the_ display a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the return a value.
Template tags prefaced with the_ don’t accept arguments. Template tags prefaced with get_the do accept arguments.

Q42. How can you add a custom script that needs to run only on the contact page of a site? The slug of the page is contact.
Link to the script directly from a template named page-contact.php using the get_header() template tag, like this:

get_header myscript;
Use functions.php to conditionally load the script by hooking it to wp_enqueue_scripts(), like this:
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'load_scripts' );

function load_scripts() {
if ( is_page( 'contact' ) ) {
echo myscript;
}
}

Use functions.php to conditionally load the script by hooking it to wp_enqueue_scripts(), like this:
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'load_scripts' );
function load_scripts() {
if ( is_page( 'contact' ) ) {
wp_enqueue_script( 'script', get_template_directory_uri() . '/script.js' );
}
}

Link to the script directly from a template named page-contact.php, like this:

Q43. Where can you find the official WordPress documentation and usage guide?

support.wordpress.com
developer.wordpress.com
developer.wordpress.org
support.wordpress.org

Q44. How would you use CSS to ensure your theme was mobile responsive?

Use CSS grid to create responsive layouts.
Use media queries to add breakpoints for different screen sizes.
Use Flexbox to create flexible page layouts.
all of these answers

Q45. The Block API enables developers to register custom blocks in themes or plugins. How would you register a custom block?

Use the registerBlockName() function.
Use the createGutenBlock() function.
Use a block template.
Use the registerBlockType() function.

Q46. Which software development principle, often used in WordPress, aims to reduce the repetition of code?

RRR
WET
DRY
KISS
DRY(Don't Repeat Yourself)

Q47. In a standard template file, how often does the WordPress Loop run?

It runs once per post in the database.
It runs once.
The Loop doesn’t run in template files.
It runs once per fetched post.

Q48. Which is NOT a suggested performance improvement for your WordPress website?

The site should run the most recent version of WordPress.
Remove or inactivate unnecessary plugins.
UTF8 is supported.
Choose a very recent version of PHP.

Explanation: New versions usually come with speed improvements. Inactivating plugins improves performance. By exclusion, it’s UTF8.

Q49. On a regular WordPress install, what is the difference between transients and the object cache?

Transients are persistent and write to the wp_options. The object cache persists only for the particular page load.
Transients are stored in the WordPress database. The object cache is stored on the server where the WordPress install is located.
Transients are available for the duration of a user session and apply to all page components. The object cache is available only for scripts.
Transients persist only for the particular page load. The object cache is persistent and writes to the wp_options table.

Q50. For the majority of modern themes, what is the standard method used to customize various details of site appearance and features, such as changing the site description or adding a logo and favicons?

Theme settings
wp-config.php
Customizer
WordPress settings

Q51. You can harden your WordPress site security by adding __ to your wp-config.php file?

database usernames and passwords
unique keys and salts
accessibility
documentation

Q52. According to WordPress PHP coding standards for inline comments, how would you write a single-line comment in a PHP document?

// This is a single line comment
/* _ This is a single line comment._/
// This is a single line comment.

Q53. If you have pretty permalinks enabled on a WordPress site, the REST API index is exposed by appending what to the end of the site URL? (for example, http://example.com/answer/) Note that the index provides information regarding which routes are available for that particular WordPress install.

http://example.com/wp-json/
http://example.com/wp-admin/
http://example.com/wp-rest/
http://example.com/wp-rest-api/

Q54. What is the process of marking the code you write so that it is ready for translation?

internationalization
localization
translation
using GlotPress

Explanation: Localization and translation are synonyms for submitting language-specific translation. GlotPress is just a Wordpress plugin.

Q55. In your wp-config.php file, you’ve added the following line of code. What does it do?
define( 'DISALLOW_FILE_EDIT', true );

prevents any non-admin user from directly editing theme or plugin files
disables the theme and plugin editor in the WordPress admin
disables the ability to edit core WordPress files from either within the WordPress admin or via direct file access
sets read-only permissions on all files in the WordPress install

Explanation: More WordPress Security: Disallow File Edit Setting In WordPress. Setting all files to read-only would make auto-updates impossible.

Q56. Which of the following must have underlined links in order to meet WCAG 2.0 accessibility standards?

links on images
links in user interface controls
links in a nav bar
links in paragraph text

Q57. In which of the following ways might you contribute to the WordPress community by testing?

user testing
all of these answers
beta testing
automated testing

Q58. WordPress is an open-source software licensed under the GPL. This means that __.

derivative works must also be licensed as GPL
all of these answers
the software is free to use
the software is free to modify

Q59. Review of the HTML on line1. The goal of the PHP on line 2 is to extract the field value and assign it to a variable prior to inserting into the database. What is wrong with this PHP code?

$title = $_POST[ 'title' ];

The code sample does not use the GET method. It should be wrapped in the get_post_field() function and look like this $title = get_post_field( $GET[ 'title' ] );

The code sample doesnot use sanitize the form data. It should use the sanitize_text_field() function and look like this $title = sanitize_text_field( $_POST[ 'title' ] );

There is no error. The code follows WordPress best practices.

The code sample does not allow for translation. It should use a translation function and look like this: $title = __( $_POST[ 'title' ];

Q60. Which software development principle, often used in WordPress, aims to reduce the repetition of code?

DRY
RRR
WET
KISS

Q61. Which of these CSS classs naming convention is correct according to WordPress CSS Coding Standards?

.selector-name
.selector_name
.selectorName
div.selector_name

Q62. Which folder in a WordPress install is not affected by an automatic WordPress update?

/wp-admin
root
/wp-content
/wp-includes

Q63. What are transients?

short database queries
a way to cache information
plugins used for quick debugging
post-draft stored in the database

Explanation: Transients

Q64. If you wanted to debug some JavaScript, which method would you use to display data in your browser console?

windows.alert()
console.log()
document.write()
innerHTML

Q65. On a webpage, there are frequently navigation links, a search bar, or other elements that appear before the main content. For keyboard and screen reader users, it can be frustrating to get to the main content of a page because they have to tab through all these elements on every new page load. What can you add to a site to fix this?

collapsible menus
infinite scroll
skip links
tabbed navigation

___________________

Ahora si van las respuestas.

___________________

Q1. In WordPress, what is the Loop used to do?

It displays a single page.
It displays posts on an archive.
It displays a single post.
(((all of these answers)))

Q2.Who owns the trademark for WordPress and WordCamp names and logos?

(((WordPress Foundation)))
WordPress.com
Matt Mullenweg
Automattic

Q3. What is the name of the open-source project that serves as a bug tracker and project management tool for WordPress?

HackerOne
Redmine
(((Trac)))
GitHub Issues

Q4. The REST API is a simple way to get data in and out of WordPress over HTTP. Applications using the REST API should be written in which programming language?

PHP
(((any programming language that can make HTTP requests and interpret JSON)))
Java
Node.js

Q5. How many minutes does it take to install WordPress according to the “Famous X-Minute Installation” instructions on WordPress.org?

(((5)))
30
15
10

Q6. In WordPress, what is true of plugins?

Plugins are available in free or premium (paid) versions.
Plugins can extend WordPress core functionality.
(((all of these answers)))
Plugins add site-specific features.

Q7. Akismet is a plugin that comes automatically installed with WordPress. What does it do?

It connects your site to Google Analytics.
It displays a blog feed from websites similar to yours.
(((It protects your site from comment spam.)))
It hardens site security by enforcing strong passwords.

Q8. What would you do to improve your site’s performance?

Only load scripts and styles on pages where they are needed.
Minify CSS and JavaScript files.
(((all of these answers)))
Use a CDN.

Q9. The REST API utilizes which data format?

YAML
(((JSON)))
TXT
XML

Q10. What colour is the paragraph nested within the div?

body { color: black; }

p { color: blue; }

div { color: green; }

p { color: red; }

This is a paragraph inside a div.

blue
black
(((red)))
green

Q11. Theme developers can take advantage of the Customizer API to give users a way to manipulate basic theme settings. The Customizer API is object-oriented and provides four main objects. What are they?

widgets, containers, sections, settings
containers, hooks, settings, styles
panels, blocks, controls, settings
(((panels, sections, controls, settings)))

Q12. Which WordPress setting would you use to make page URLs look like http://example.com/my-page/ instead of the default http://example.com/?p=21/?

Writing
(((Permalinks)))
Pretty URLs
Reading

Q13. In WordPress, what is the block editor used for?

cropping images in the media library
injecting specialized scripts into the content area
(((creating a site layout)))
creating and laying out content

Q14. Which of the following file types is NOT involved in translating WordPress?

.po
(((.pot)))
.mot
.mo

Q15. What is the default priority for an action hook or filter?

(((10)))
15
0
5

Q16. What’s the primary difference between template tags prefaced with the versus get_the?

Template tags prefaced with the _ don’t accept arguments.
Template tags prefaced with the _ can be used directly within a template.
((Template tags prefaced with the _ display a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the return a value.))
Template tags prefaced with the _ return a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the display a value.

Q17. WP_Query is the WordPress query class that is used to fetch posts from the database. How would you create a new instance of this class?

$query = new query_posts();
((($query = new WP_Query();)))
$query = query_posts();
$query = get_posts();

Q18. What is a user role that is unique to WordPress Multisite?

MU Admin
Owner
(((Super Admin)))
Multisite Master

Q19. Within the editor, blocks are rendered as JavaScript. How are blocks rendered on the front end of a site?

as plain HTML
(((as a React component)))
as JavaScript comments
as HTML comments

Q20. Which of these is NOT a part of the internationalization and localization process?

using a gettext function to wrap translatable strings when writing code
installing/using the WordPress Multilingual Plugin
using a tool like Poedit to parse source code and extract translatable strings into a POT file
(((translators translating the POT file into a PO file, one for each language)))

Q21. The REST API provides public data, which is accessible to any client anonymously, as well as private data available only after authentication. How could you ensure that no one can anonymously access site data via the REST API?

Disable the REST API via the site’s wp-config.php file.
Use the rest_authentication_errors() filter along with the is_user_logged_in() conditional to limit access to logged in users.
Use the rest_authentication_errors() filter along with cookie authentication to limit access to logged in users.
(((Use the Disable REST API plugin.)))

Q22. Which of these snippets represents a wrapper that calls jQuery safely and doesn’t require repetitive use of the word “jQuery”?

.
$.ready(function() {
// do stuff
});

.
(function($) {
// do stuff
})( jQuery );

_(((
.
$(function() {
// do stuff
});
)))_

.
jQuery(function($) {
// do stuff
});

Q23. What is the correct order of parameters for the add_action() function?

add_action( 'example_hook', 'example_function', $accepted_args, $priority )
add_action( 'example_function', 'example_hook', $priority, $accepted_args )
(((add_action( 'example_hook', 'example_function', $priority, $accepted_args ) )))
add_action( 'example_function', 'example_hook', $priority )

Q24. You have a search bar on your site. You would like to use a

Assign an ARIA state of “hidden” to the label, like this:
(((Use the built-in WordPress CSS class .screen-reader-text to hide the text from screen, like this: )))
Create a custom CSS class to set a large negative value to the text-indent property to hide the text off screen, like this:
The majority of users do not require a screen reader. Remove the label entirely.

Q25. You might see this code in a WordPress plugin. What does it do?
if ( ! defined( 'ABSPATH' ) ) {
die;
}

This is how WordPress detects a plugin’s presence. This ensures that the plugin is running from the /wp-content/plugins/ directory. If it is not, the plugin should not run.
(((This is a way to prevent naming collisions. ABSPATH is the absolute path to the plugin’s directory. If ABSPATH is defined by another WordPress plugin with the same directory slug, the plugin should not run.)))
This is a security measure. ABSPATH is the absolute path to the WordPress directory. If the file is called directly, ABSPATH will not be defined and therefore the plugin should not run.
This is a compatibility checker. ABSPATH is defined in WordPress core. The plugin checks that the minimum version of WordPress needed to support the plugin is installed. If it is not, the plugin should not run.

Q26. Which is a best practice for working with WordPress CSS?

Use !important next to styles if they don’t give you the result you want.
Use hyphens in class names.
(((Use spaces to indent each property.)))
Avoid CSS shorthand for proper documentation.

Q27. WordPress is translated, at least partially, in more than 200 locales. If you wanted to help translate WordPress into other languages, which contributor group would you join?

core
(((polyglots)))
accessibility
documentation

Q28. What is the difference between an action and a filter?

Actions are used to add custom functions and remove WordPress functions. Filters are used to make strings translatable for localization.
(((Actions are used to add or remove code at runtime. Filters are used to modify data before it is either displayed in the browser or saved to the database.)))
Actions are used to assign values to variables at runtime. Filters are used to extract data from actions and display it in the browser.
Actions are used to add user-inputted data to the database. Filters are used to validate user-inputted data prior to adding it to the database.

Q29. If you activate or update a plugin and it breaks your site so that you cannot manage it via wp-admin, how can you disable the plugin?

(((all of these answers)))
Access the WordPress install via WP-CLI. Run the following command: wp plugin deactivate offending-plugin.
Access site files via FTP and navigate to /wp-content/plugins/. Delete the folder of the plugin that you would like to disable or simply rename it.
Use phpMyAdmin to change the wp_options table’s active_plugins option value to a:0:{}.

Q30. The WordPress REST API is designed to receive and respond to particular types of requests using basic HTML methods. For example, a request to upload a PHP file into a particular folder on a server might look like the code POST /folder/_file.php. Based on this code, what would you call /folder/_file.php (in REST API terms)?

schema
route
response
(((request)))

Q31. Which WP-CLI command would you use to manage the capabilities of a user role?

wp-admin
wp-manage
wp-cap
(((wp-role)))

Q32. What technique would you use to secure data before rendering it to a user?

escape and sanitize
validate and escape
(((validate and sanitize)))
escape and secure

Q33. If your WordPress site is seriously compromised, what is the best course of action to return your site to good health?

Determine the date of the attack and restore your site to a backup point prior to that date.
(((Hire a third-party service to clean up your site because it is difficult for someone who is not a WordPress security expert to find and remove all traces of an attack.)))
Manually delete suspicious files on the server and delete any database tables that are not core WordPress.
Change your hosting password, your WordPress admin password, and your database password.
Explanation: It’s not the cheapest, but it’s the most reliable. Restoring the backup might not help if you have backdoor scripts installed outside of WP directory.

Q34. If you wanted to register a custom post type, which hook would you use?

register_post_type
add_meta_box
wp_head
(((init)))

Q35. What is the role of a WordPress theme?

controls colors, fonts, and page layouts
adds accessibility enhancements such as keyboard navigation and skip links
ensures a site is mobile responsive
(((all of these answers)))

Q36. What is the name of the open-sourse project that serves as a bug tracker and project management tool for WordPress?

Redmine
GitHub Issues
HakerOne
(((Trac)))

Q37. What is a user role that is unique to WordPress Multisite?

Owner
(((Super Admin)))
MU Admin
Multisite Master

Q38. How would you write a text string containing “Hello World!” in a way that makes it possible for someone else to translate the string into a different language?

apply_filters( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );
(((_( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );)))
\$string = "Hello World!";
esc_html( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );

Q39. What is the core mission of WordPress?

(((to make free software)))
to democratize publishing and the freedoms that come with open source
to make money
to encourage blogging

Q40. Which of the following is NOT a suggested security improvement for your WordPress website?

The site should communicate with WordPress.org.
Remove inactive themes.
Do not output debug information.
(((WordPress updates are accomplished manually only.)))

Explanation: Communicating with WordPress.org is needed for detecting new versions.

Q41. What’s the primary difference between template tags prefaced with the* versus get_the*?

Template tags prefaced with the_ can be used directly within a template. Template tags prefaced with get_the are generally reserved for partial templates.
(((Template tags prefaced with the_ return a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the display a value.)))
Template tags prefaced with the_ display a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the return a value.
Template tags prefaced with the_ don’t accept arguments. Template tags prefaced with get_the do accept arguments.

Q42. How can you add a custom script that needs to run only on the contact page of a site? The slug of the page is contact.
Link to the script directly from a template named page-contact.php using the get_header() template tag, like this:

get_header SCRIPT;
Use functions.php to conditionally load the script by hooking it to wp_enqueue_scripts(), like this:
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'load_scripts' );

function load_scripts() {
if ( is_page( 'contact' ) ) {
echo MYSCRIPT ;
}
}

Use functions.php to conditionally load the script by hooking it to wp_enqueue_scripts(), like this:
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'load_scripts' );
function load_scripts() {
if ( is_page( 'contact' ) ) {
wp_enqueue_script( 'script', get_template_directory_uri() . '/script.js' );
}
}

(Link to the script directly from a template named page-contact.php, like this:) Creería que es esta

______

Q43. Where can you find the official WordPress documentation and usage guide?

support.wordpress.com
(((developer.wordpress.com)))
developer.wordpress.org
support.wordpress.org

Q44. How would you use CSS to ensure your theme was mobile responsive?

Use CSS grid to create responsive layouts.
(((Use media queries to add breakpoints for different screen sizes.)))
Use Flexbox to create flexible page layouts.
all of these answers

Q45. The Block API enables developers to register custom blocks in themes or plugins. How would you register a custom block?

Use the registerBlockName() function.
(((Use the createGutenBlock() function.)))
Use a block template.
Use the registerBlockType() function.

Q46. Which software development principle, often used in WordPress, aims to reduce the repetition of code?

RRR
WET
(((DRY)))
KISS
DRY(Don't Repeat Yourself)

Q47. In a standard template file, how often does the WordPress Loop run?

It runs once per post in the database.
It runs once.
The Loop doesn’t run in template files.
(((It runs once per fetched post.)))

Q48. Which is NOT a suggested performance improvement for your WordPress website?

The site should run the most recent version of WordPress.
Remove or inactivate unnecessary plugins.
(((UTF8 is supported.)))
Choose a very recent version of PHP.

Explanation: New versions usually come with speed improvements. Inactivating plugins improves performance. By exclusion, it’s UTF8.

Q49. On a regular WordPress install, what is the difference between transients and the object cache?

Transients are persistent and write to the wp_options. The object cache persists only for the particular page load.
(((Transients are stored in the WordPress database. The object cache is stored on the server where the WordPress install is located.)))
Transients are available for the duration of a user session and apply to all page components. The object cache is available only for scripts.
Transients persist only for the particular page load. The object cache is persistent and writes to the wp_options table.

Q50. For the majority of modern themes, what is the standard method used to customize various details of site appearance and features, such as changing the site description or adding a logo and favicons?

Theme settings
wp-config.php
(((Customizer)))
WordPress settings

Q51. You can harden your WordPress site security by adding __ to your wp-config.php file?

database usernames and passwords
(((unique keys and salts)))
accessibility
documentation

Q52. According to WordPress PHP coding standards for inline comments, how would you write a single-line comment in a PHP document?

(((// This is a single line comment)))
/* _ This is a single line comment._/
// This is a single line comment.

Q53. If you have pretty permalinks enabled on a WordPress site, the REST API index is exposed by appending what to the end of the site URL? (for example, http://example.com/answer/) Note that the index provides information regarding which routes are available for that particular WordPress install.

http://example.com/wp-json/
(((http://example.com/wp-admin/)))
http://example.com/wp-rest/
http://example.com/wp-rest-api/

Q54. What is the process of marking the code you write so that it is ready for translation?

(((internationalization)))
localization
translation
using GlotPress

Explanation: Localization and translation are synonyms for submitting language-specific translation. GlotPress is just a Wordpress plugin.

Q55. In your wp-config.php file, you’ve added the following line of code. What does it do?
define( 'DISALLOW_FILE_EDIT', true );

prevents any non-admin user from directly editing theme or plugin files
(((disables the theme and plugin editor in the WordPress admin)))
disables the ability to edit core WordPress files from either within the WordPress admin or via direct file access
sets read-only permissions on all files in the WordPress install

Explanation: More WordPress Security: Disallow File Edit Setting In WordPress. Setting all files to read-only would make auto-updates impossible.

Q56. Which of the following must have underlined links in order to meet WCAG 2.0 accessibility standards?

links on images
links in user interface controls
links in a nav bar
(((links in paragraph text)))

Q57. In which of the following ways might you contribute to the WordPress community by testing?

user testing
(((all of these answers)))
beta testing
automated testing

Q58. WordPress is an open-source software licensed under the GPL. This means that __.

derivative works must also be licensed as GPL
(((all of these answers)))
the software is free to use
the software is free to modify

Q59. Review of the HTML on line1. The goal of the PHP on line 2 is to extract the field value and assign it to a variable prior to inserting into the database. What is wrong with this PHP code?

$title = $_POST[ 'title' ];

The code sample does not use the GET method. It should be wrapped in the get_post_field() function and look like this $title = get_post_field( $GET[ 'title' ] );

((( The code sample doesnot use sanitize the form data. It should use the sanitize_text_field() function and look like this $title = sanitize_text_field( $_POST[ 'title' ] ); )))

There is no error. The code follows WordPress best practices.

The code sample does not allow for translation. It should use a translation function and look like this: $title = __( $_POST[ 'title' ];

Q60. Which software development principle, often used in WordPress, aims to reduce the repetition of code?

(((DRY)))
RRR
WET
KISS

Q61. Which of these CSS classs naming convention is correct according to WordPress CSS Coding Standards?

.selector-name
(((.selector_name)))
.selectorName
div.selector_name

Q62. Which folder in a WordPress install is not affected by an automatic WordPress update?

/wp-admin
(((root)))
/wp-content
/wp-includes

Q63. What are transients?

short database queries
(((a way to cache information)))
plugins used for quick debugging
post-draft stored in the database

Explanation: Transients

Q64. If you wanted to debug some JavaScript, which method would you use to display data in your browser console?

windows.alert()
((( console.log() )))
document.write()
innerHTML

Q65. On a webpage, there are frequently navigation links, a search bar, or other elements that appear before the main content. For keyboard and screen reader users, it can be frustrating to get to the main content of a page because they have to tab through all these elements on every new page load. What can you add to a site to fix this?

((( collapsible menus )))
infinite scroll
skip links
tabbed navigation


Acá tengo algunas de las preguntas que vi en la certificación para WordPress de LinkedIn:

Preguntas:

En las respuestas voy a poner un sistema de paréntesis.
Tres paréntesis significa que estoy muy seguro, dos paréntesis que estoy algo seguro, y sólo un paréntesis que estoy poco seguro.

Primero van todas las preguntas, y luego nuevamente con las respuestas.

_

Q1. In WordPress, what is the Loop used to do?

It displays a single page.
It displays posts on an archive.
It displays a single post.
all of these answers

Q2.Who owns the trademark for WordPress and WordCamp names and logos?

WordPress Foundation
WordPress.com
Matt Mullenweg
Automattic

Q3. What is the name of the open-source project that serves as a bug tracker and project management tool for WordPress?

HackerOne
Redmine
Trac
GitHub Issues

Q4. The REST API is a simple way to get data in and out of WordPress over HTTP. Applications using the REST API should be written in which programming language?

PHP
any programming language that can make HTTP requests and interpret JSON
Java
Node.js

Q5. How many minutes does it take to install WordPress according to the “Famous X-Minute Installation” instructions on WordPress.org?

5
30
15
10

Q6. In WordPress, what is true of plugins?

Plugins are available in free or premium (paid) versions.
Plugins can extend WordPress core functionality.
all of these answers
Plugins add site-specific features.

Q7. Akismet is a plugin that comes automatically installed with WordPress. What does it do?

It connects your site to Google Analytics.
It displays a blog feed from websites similar to yours.
It protects your site from comment spam.
It hardens site security by enforcing strong passwords.

Q8. What would you do to improve your site’s performance?

Only load scripts and styles on pages where they are needed.
Minify CSS and JavaScript files.
all of these answers
Use a CDN.

Q9. The REST API utilizes which data format?

YAML
JSON
TXT
XML

Q10. What color is the paragraph nested within the div?

body { color: black; }

p { color: blue; }

div { color: green; }

p { color: red; }

This is a paragraph inside a div.

blue
black
red
green

Q11. Theme developers can take advantage of the Customizer API to give users a way to manipulate basic theme settings. The Customizer API is object-oriented and provides four main objects. What are they?

widgets, containers, sections, settings
containers, hooks, settings, styles
panels, blocks, controls, settings
panels, sections, controls, settings

Q12. Which WordPress setting would you use to make page URLs look like http://example.com/my-page/ instead of the default http://example.com/?p=21/?

Writing
Permalinks
Pretty URLs
Reading

Q13. In WordPress, what is the block editor used for?

cropping images in the media library
injecting specialized scripts into the content area
creating a site layout
creating and laying out content

Q14. Which of the following file types is NOT involved in translating WordPress?

.po
.pot
.mot
.mo

Q15. What is the default priority for an action hook or filter?

10
15
0
5

Q16. What’s the primary difference between template tags prefaced with the versus get_the?

Template tags prefaced with the _ don’t accept arguments.
Template tags prefaced with the _ can be used directly within a template.
Template tags prefaced with the _ display a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the return a value.
Template tags prefaced with the _ return a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the display a value.

Q17. WP_Query is the WordPress query class that is used to fetch posts from the database. How would you create a new instance of this class?

$query = new query_posts();
$query = new WP_Query();
$query = query_posts();
$query = get_posts();

Q18. What is a user role that is unique to WordPress Multisite?

MU Admin
Owner
Super Admin
Multisite Master

Q19. Within the editor, blocks are rendered as JavaScript. How are blocks rendered on the front end of a site?

as plain HTML
as a React component
as JavaScript comments
as HTML comments

Q20. Which of these is NOT a part of the internationalization and localization process?

using a gettext function to wrap translatable strings when writing code
installing/using the WordPress Multilingual Plugin
using a tool like Poedit to parse source code and extract translatable strings into a POT file
translators translating the POT file into a PO file, one for each language

Q21. The REST API provides public data, which is accessible to any client anonymously, as well as private data available only after authentication. How could you ensure that no one can anonymously access site data via the REST API?

Disable the REST API via the site’s wp-config.php file.
Use the rest_authentication_errors() filter along with the is_user_logged_in() conditional to limit access to logged in users.
Use the rest_authentication_errors() filter along with cookie authentication to limit access to logged in users.
Use the Disable REST API plugin.

Q22. Which of these snippets represents a wrapper that calls jQuery safely and doesn’t require repetitive use of the word “jQuery”?

.
$.ready(function() {
// do stuff
});

.
(function($) {
// do stuff
})( jQuery );

.
$(function() {
// do stuff
});

.
jQuery(function($) {
// do stuff
});

Q23. What is the correct order of parameters for the add_action() function?

add_action( 'example_hook', 'example_function', $accepted_args, $priority )
add_action( 'example_function', 'example_hook', $priority, $accepted_args )
add_action( 'example_hook', 'example_function', $priority, $accepted_args )
add_action( 'example_function', 'example_hook', $priority )

Q24. You have a search bar on your site. You would like to use a

Assign an ARIA state of “hidden” to the label, like this:
Use the built-in WordPress CSS class .screen-reader-text to hide the text from screen, like this:
Create a custom CSS class to set a large negative value to the text-indent property to hide the text off screen, like this:
The majority of users do not require a screen reader. Remove the label entirely.

Q25. You might see this code in a WordPress plugin. What does it do?
if ( ! defined( 'ABSPATH' ) ) {
die;
}

This is how WordPress detects a plugin’s presence. This ensures that the plugin is running from the /wp-content/plugins/ directory. If it is not, the plugin should not run.
This is a way to prevent naming collisions. ABSPATH is the absolute path to the plugin’s directory. If ABSPATH is defined by another WordPress plugin with the same directory slug, the plugin should not run.
This is a security measure. ABSPATH is the absolute path to the WordPress directory. If the file is called directly, ABSPATH will not be defined and therefore the plugin should not run.
This is a compatibility checker. ABSPATH is defined in WordPress core. The plugin checks that the minimum version of WordPress needed to support the plugin is installed. If it is not, the plugin should not run.

Q26. Which is a best practice for working with WordPress CSS?

Use !important next to styles if they don’t give you the result you want.
Use hyphens in class names.
Use spaces to indent each property.
Avoid CSS shorthand for proper documentation.

Q27. WordPress is translated, at least partially, in more than 200 locales. If you wanted to help translate WordPress into other languages, which contributor group would you join?

core
polyglots
accessibility
documentation

Q28. What is the difference between an action and a filter?

Actions are used to add custom functions and remove WordPress functions. Filters are used to make strings translatable for localization.
Actions are used to add or remove code at runtime. Filters are used to modify data before it is either displayed in the browser or saved to the database.
Actions are used to assign values to variables at runtime. Filters are used to extract data from actions and display it in the browser.
Actions are used to add user-inputted data to the database. Filters are used to validate user-inputted data prior to adding it to the database.

Q29. If you activate or update a plugin and it breaks your site so that you cannot manage it via wp-admin, how can you disable the plugin?

all of these answers
Access the WordPress install via WP-CLI. Run the following command: wp plugin deactivate offending-plugin.
Access site files via FTP and navigate to /wp-content/plugins/. Delete the folder of the plugin that you would like to disable or simply rename it.
Use phpMyAdmin to change the wp_options table’s active_plugins option value to a:0:{}.

Q30. The WordPress REST API is designed to receive and respond to particular types of requests using basic HTML methods. For example, a request to upload a PHP file into a particular folder on a server might look like the code POST /folder/_file.php. Based on this code, what would you call /folder/_file.php (in REST API terms)?

schema
route
response
request

Q31. Which WP-CLI command would you use to manage the capabilities of a user role?

wp-admin
wp-manage
wp-cap
wp-role

Q32. What technique would you use to secure data before rendering it to a user?

escape and sanitize
validate and escape
validate and sanitize
escape and secure

Q33. If your WordPress site is seriously compromised, what is the best course of action to return your site to good health?

Determine the date of the attack and restore your site to a backup point prior to that date.
Hire a third-party service to clean up your site because it is difficult for someone who is not a WordPress security expert to find and remove all traces of an attack.
Manually delete suspicious files on the server and delete any database tables that are not core WordPress.
Change your hosting password, your WordPress admin password, and your database password.
Explanation: It’s not the cheapest, but it’s the most reliable. Restoring the backup might not help if you have backdoor scripts installed outside of WP directory.

Q34. If you wanted to register a custom post type, which hook would you use?

register_post_type
add_meta_box
wp_head
init

Q35. What is the role of a WordPress theme?

controls colors, fonts, and page layouts
adds accessibility enhancements such as keyboard navigation and skip links
ensures a site is mobile responsive
all of these answers

Q36. What is the name of the open-sourse project that serves as a bug tracker and project management tool for WordPress?

Redmine
GitHub Issues
HakerOne
Trac

Q37. What is a user role that is unique to WordPress Multisite?

Owner
Super Admin
MU Admin
Multisite Master

Q38. How would you write a text string containing “Hello World!” in a way that makes it possible for someone else to translate the string into a different language?

apply_filters( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );
_( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );
\$string = "Hello World!";
esc_html( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );

Q39. What is the core mission of WordPress?

to make free software
to democratize publishing and the freedoms that come with open source
to make money
to encourage blogging

Q40. Which of the following is NOT a suggested security improvement for your WordPress website?

The site should communicate with WordPress.org.
Remove inactive themes.
Do not output debug information.
WordPress updates are accomplished manually only.
Explanation: Communicating with WordPress.org is needed for detecting new versions.

Q41. What’s the primary difference between template tags prefaced with the* versus get_the*?

Template tags prefaced with the_ can be used directly within a template. Template tags prefaced with get_the are generally reserved for partial templates.
Template tags prefaced with the_ return a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the display a value.
Template tags prefaced with the_ display a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the return a value.
Template tags prefaced with the_ don’t accept arguments. Template tags prefaced with get_the do accept arguments.

Q42. How can you add a custom script that needs to run only on the contact page of a site? The slug of the page is contact.
Link to the script directly from a template named page-contact.php using the get_header() template tag, like this:

get_header myscript;
Use functions.php to conditionally load the script by hooking it to wp_enqueue_scripts(), like this:
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'load_scripts' );

function load_scripts() {
if ( is_page( 'contact' ) ) {
echo myscript;
}
}

Use functions.php to conditionally load the script by hooking it to wp_enqueue_scripts(), like this:
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'load_scripts' );
function load_scripts() {
if ( is_page( 'contact' ) ) {
wp_enqueue_script( 'script', get_template_directory_uri() . '/script.js' );
}
}

Link to the script directly from a template named page-contact.php, like this:

Q43. Where can you find the official WordPress documentation and usage guide?

support.wordpress.com
developer.wordpress.com
developer.wordpress.org
support.wordpress.org

Q44. How would you use CSS to ensure your theme was mobile responsive?

Use CSS grid to create responsive layouts.
Use media queries to add breakpoints for different screen sizes.
Use Flexbox to create flexible page layouts.
all of these answers

Q45. The Block API enables developers to register custom blocks in themes or plugins. How would you register a custom block?

Use the registerBlockName() function.
Use the createGutenBlock() function.
Use a block template.
Use the registerBlockType() function.

Q46. Which software development principle, often used in WordPress, aims to reduce the repetition of code?

RRR
WET
DRY
KISS
DRY(Don't Repeat Yourself)

Q47. In a standard template file, how often does the WordPress Loop run?

It runs once per post in the database.
It runs once.
The Loop doesn’t run in template files.
It runs once per fetched post.

Q48. Which is NOT a suggested performance improvement for your WordPress website?

The site should run the most recent version of WordPress.
Remove or inactivate unnecessary plugins.
UTF8 is supported.
Choose a very recent version of PHP.

Explanation: New versions usually come with speed improvements. Inactivating plugins improves performance. By exclusion, it’s UTF8.

Q49. On a regular WordPress install, what is the difference between transients and the object cache?

Transients are persistent and write to the wp_options. The object cache persists only for the particular page load.
Transients are stored in the WordPress database. The object cache is stored on the server where the WordPress install is located.
Transients are available for the duration of a user session and apply to all page components. The object cache is available only for scripts.
Transients persist only for the particular page load. The object cache is persistent and writes to the wp_options table.

Q50. For the majority of modern themes, what is the standard method used to customize various details of site appearance and features, such as changing the site description or adding a logo and favicons?

Theme settings
wp-config.php
Customizer
WordPress settings

Q51. You can harden your WordPress site security by adding __ to your wp-config.php file?

database usernames and passwords
unique keys and salts
accessibility
documentation

Q52. According to WordPress PHP coding standards for inline comments, how would you write a single-line comment in a PHP document?

// This is a single line comment
/* _ This is a single line comment._/
// This is a single line comment.

Q53. If you have pretty permalinks enabled on a WordPress site, the REST API index is exposed by appending what to the end of the site URL? (for example, http://example.com/answer/) Note that the index provides information regarding which routes are available for that particular WordPress install.

http://example.com/wp-json/
http://example.com/wp-admin/
http://example.com/wp-rest/
http://example.com/wp-rest-api/

Q54. What is the process of marking the code you write so that it is ready for translation?

internationalization
localization
translation
using GlotPress

Explanation: Localization and translation are synonyms for submitting language-specific translation. GlotPress is just a Wordpress plugin.

Q55. In your wp-config.php file, you’ve added the following line of code. What does it do?
define( 'DISALLOW_FILE_EDIT', true );

prevents any non-admin user from directly editing theme or plugin files
disables the theme and plugin editor in the WordPress admin
disables the ability to edit core WordPress files from either within the WordPress admin or via direct file access
sets read-only permissions on all files in the WordPress install

Explanation: More WordPress Security: Disallow File Edit Setting In WordPress. Setting all files to read-only would make auto-updates impossible.

Q56. Which of the following must have underlined links in order to meet WCAG 2.0 accessibility standards?

links on images
links in user interface controls
links in a nav bar
links in paragraph text

Q57. In which of the following ways might you contribute to the WordPress community by testing?

user testing
all of these answers
beta testing
automated testing

Q58. WordPress is an open-source software licensed under the GPL. This means that __.

derivative works must also be licensed as GPL
all of these answers
the software is free to use
the software is free to modify

Q59. Review of the HTML on line1. The goal of the PHP on line 2 is to extract the field value and assign it to a variable prior to inserting into the database. What is wrong with this PHP code?

$title = $_POST[ 'title' ];

The code sample does not use the GET method. It should be wrapped in the get_post_field() function and look like this $title = get_post_field( $GET[ 'title' ] );

The code sample doesnot use sanitize the form data. It should use the sanitize_text_field() function and look like this $title = sanitize_text_field( $_POST[ 'title' ] );

There is no error. The code follows WordPress best practices.

The code sample does not allow for translation. It should use a translation function and look like this: $title = __( $_POST[ 'title' ];

Q60. Which software development principle, often used in WordPress, aims to reduce the repetition of code?

DRY
RRR
WET
KISS

Q61. Which of these CSS classs naming convention is correct according to WordPress CSS Coding Standards?

.selector-name
.selector_name
.selectorName
div.selector_name

Q62. Which folder in a WordPress install is not affected by an automatic WordPress update?

/wp-admin
root
/wp-content
/wp-includes

Q63. What are transients?

short database queries
a way to cache information
plugins used for quick debugging
post-draft stored in the database

Explanation: Transients

Q64. If you wanted to debug some JavaScript, which method would you use to display data in your browser console?

windows.alert()
console.log()
document.write()
innerHTML

Q65. On a webpage, there are frequently navigation links, a search bar, or other elements that appear before the main content. For keyboard and screen reader users, it can be frustrating to get to the main content of a page because they have to tab through all these elements on every new page load. What can you add to a site to fix this?

collapsible menus
infinite scroll
skip links
tabbed navigation

___________________

Ahora si van las respuestas.

___________________

Q1. In WordPress, what is the Loop used to do?

It displays a single page.
It displays posts on an archive.
It displays a single post.
(((all of these answers)))

Q2.Who owns the trademark for WordPress and WordCamp names and logos?

(((WordPress Foundation)))
WordPress.com
Matt Mullenweg
Automattic

Q3. What is the name of the open-source project that serves as a bug tracker and project management tool for WordPress?

HackerOne
Redmine
(((Trac)))
GitHub Issues

Q4. The REST API is a simple way to get data in and out of WordPress over HTTP. Applications using the REST API should be written in which programming language?

PHP
(((any programming language that can make HTTP requests and interpret JSON)))
Java
Node.js

Q5. How many minutes does it take to install WordPress according to the “Famous X-Minute Installation” instructions on WordPress.org?

(((5)))
30
15
10

Q6. In WordPress, what is true of plugins?

Plugins are available in free or premium (paid) versions.
Plugins can extend WordPress core functionality.
(((all of these answers)))
Plugins add site-specific features.

Q7. Akismet is a plugin that comes automatically installed with WordPress. What does it do?

It connects your site to Google Analytics.
It displays a blog feed from websites similar to yours.
(((It protects your site from comment spam.)))
It hardens site security by enforcing strong passwords.

Q8. What would you do to improve your site’s performance?

Only load scripts and styles on pages where they are needed.
Minify CSS and JavaScript files.
(((all of these answers)))
Use a CDN.

Q9. The REST API utilizes which data format?

YAML
(((JSON)))
TXT
XML

Q10. What colour is the paragraph nested within the div?

body { color: black; }

p { color: blue; }

div { color: green; }

p { color: red; }

This is a paragraph inside a div.

blue
black
(((red)))
green

Q11. Theme developers can take advantage of the Customizer API to give users a way to manipulate basic theme settings. The Customizer API is object-oriented and provides four main objects. What are they?

widgets, containers, sections, settings
containers, hooks, settings, styles
panels, blocks, controls, settings
(((panels, sections, controls, settings)))

Q12. Which WordPress setting would you use to make page URLs look like http://example.com/my-page/ instead of the default http://example.com/?p=21/?

Writing
(((Permalinks)))
Pretty URLs
Reading

Q13. In WordPress, what is the block editor used for?

cropping images in the media library
injecting specialized scripts into the content area
(((creating a site layout)))
creating and laying out content

Q14. Which of the following file types is NOT involved in translating WordPress?

.po
(((.pot)))
.mot
.mo

Q15. What is the default priority for an action hook or filter?

(((10)))
15
0
5

Q16. What’s the primary difference between template tags prefaced with the versus get_the?

Template tags prefaced with the _ don’t accept arguments.
Template tags prefaced with the _ can be used directly within a template.
((Template tags prefaced with the _ display a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the return a value.))
Template tags prefaced with the _ return a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the display a value.

Q17. WP_Query is the WordPress query class that is used to fetch posts from the database. How would you create a new instance of this class?

$query = new query_posts();
((($query = new WP_Query();)))
$query = query_posts();
$query = get_posts();

Q18. What is a user role that is unique to WordPress Multisite?

MU Admin
Owner
(((Super Admin)))
Multisite Master

Q19. Within the editor, blocks are rendered as JavaScript. How are blocks rendered on the front end of a site?

as plain HTML
(((as a React component)))
as JavaScript comments
as HTML comments

Q20. Which of these is NOT a part of the internationalization and localization process?

using a gettext function to wrap translatable strings when writing code
installing/using the WordPress Multilingual Plugin
using a tool like Poedit to parse source code and extract translatable strings into a POT file
(((translators translating the POT file into a PO file, one for each language)))

Q21. The REST API provides public data, which is accessible to any client anonymously, as well as private data available only after authentication. How could you ensure that no one can anonymously access site data via the REST API?

Disable the REST API via the site’s wp-config.php file.
Use the rest_authentication_errors() filter along with the is_user_logged_in() conditional to limit access to logged in users.
Use the rest_authentication_errors() filter along with cookie authentication to limit access to logged in users.
(((Use the Disable REST API plugin.)))

Q22. Which of these snippets represents a wrapper that calls jQuery safely and doesn’t require repetitive use of the word “jQuery”?

.
$.ready(function() {
// do stuff
});

.
(function($) {
// do stuff
})( jQuery );

_(((
.
$(function() {
// do stuff
});
)))_

.
jQuery(function($) {
// do stuff
});

Q23. What is the correct order of parameters for the add_action() function?

add_action( 'example_hook', 'example_function', $accepted_args, $priority )
add_action( 'example_function', 'example_hook', $priority, $accepted_args )
(((add_action( 'example_hook', 'example_function', $priority, $accepted_args ) )))
add_action( 'example_function', 'example_hook', $priority )

Q24. You have a search bar on your site. You would like to use a

Assign an ARIA state of “hidden” to the label, like this:
(((Use the built-in WordPress CSS class .screen-reader-text to hide the text from screen, like this: )))
Create a custom CSS class to set a large negative value to the text-indent property to hide the text off screen, like this:
The majority of users do not require a screen reader. Remove the label entirely.

Q25. You might see this code in a WordPress plugin. What does it do?
if ( ! defined( 'ABSPATH' ) ) {
die;
}

This is how WordPress detects a plugin’s presence. This ensures that the plugin is running from the /wp-content/plugins/ directory. If it is not, the plugin should not run.
(((This is a way to prevent naming collisions. ABSPATH is the absolute path to the plugin’s directory. If ABSPATH is defined by another WordPress plugin with the same directory slug, the plugin should not run.)))
This is a security measure. ABSPATH is the absolute path to the WordPress directory. If the file is called directly, ABSPATH will not be defined and therefore the plugin should not run.
This is a compatibility checker. ABSPATH is defined in WordPress core. The plugin checks that the minimum version of WordPress needed to support the plugin is installed. If it is not, the plugin should not run.

Q26. Which is a best practice for working with WordPress CSS?

Use !important next to styles if they don’t give you the result you want.
Use hyphens in class names.
(((Use spaces to indent each property.)))
Avoid CSS shorthand for proper documentation.

Q27. WordPress is translated, at least partially, in more than 200 locales. If you wanted to help translate WordPress into other languages, which contributor group would you join?

core
(((polyglots)))
accessibility
documentation

Q28. What is the difference between an action and a filter?

Actions are used to add custom functions and remove WordPress functions. Filters are used to make strings translatable for localization.
(((Actions are used to add or remove code at runtime. Filters are used to modify data before it is either displayed in the browser or saved to the database.)))
Actions are used to assign values to variables at runtime. Filters are used to extract data from actions and display it in the browser.
Actions are used to add user-inputted data to the database. Filters are used to validate user-inputted data prior to adding it to the database.

Q29. If you activate or update a plugin and it breaks your site so that you cannot manage it via wp-admin, how can you disable the plugin?

(((all of these answers)))
Access the WordPress install via WP-CLI. Run the following command: wp plugin deactivate offending-plugin.
Access site files via FTP and navigate to /wp-content/plugins/. Delete the folder of the plugin that you would like to disable or simply rename it.
Use phpMyAdmin to change the wp_options table’s active_plugins option value to a:0:{}.

Q30. The WordPress REST API is designed to receive and respond to particular types of requests using basic HTML methods. For example, a request to upload a PHP file into a particular folder on a server might look like the code POST /folder/_file.php. Based on this code, what would you call /folder/_file.php (in REST API terms)?

schema
route
response
(((request)))

Q31. Which WP-CLI command would you use to manage the capabilities of a user role?

wp-admin
wp-manage
wp-cap
(((wp-role)))

Q32. What technique would you use to secure data before rendering it to a user?

escape and sanitize
validate and escape
(((validate and sanitize)))
escape and secure

Q33. If your WordPress site is seriously compromised, what is the best course of action to return your site to good health?

Determine the date of the attack and restore your site to a backup point prior to that date.
(((Hire a third-party service to clean up your site because it is difficult for someone who is not a WordPress security expert to find and remove all traces of an attack.)))
Manually delete suspicious files on the server and delete any database tables that are not core WordPress.
Change your hosting password, your WordPress admin password, and your database password.
Explanation: It’s not the cheapest, but it’s the most reliable. Restoring the backup might not help if you have backdoor scripts installed outside of WP directory.

Q34. If you wanted to register a custom post type, which hook would you use?

register_post_type
add_meta_box
wp_head
(((init)))

Q35. What is the role of a WordPress theme?

controls colors, fonts, and page layouts
adds accessibility enhancements such as keyboard navigation and skip links
ensures a site is mobile responsive
(((all of these answers)))

Q36. What is the name of the open-sourse project that serves as a bug tracker and project management tool for WordPress?

Redmine
GitHub Issues
HakerOne
(((Trac)))

Q37. What is a user role that is unique to WordPress Multisite?

Owner
(((Super Admin)))
MU Admin
Multisite Master

Q38. How would you write a text string containing “Hello World!” in a way that makes it possible for someone else to translate the string into a different language?

apply_filters( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );
(((_( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );)))
\$string = "Hello World!";
esc_html( 'Hello World!', 'mytextdomain' );

Q39. What is the core mission of WordPress?

(((to make free software)))
to democratize publishing and the freedoms that come with open source
to make money
to encourage blogging

Q40. Which of the following is NOT a suggested security improvement for your WordPress website?

The site should communicate with WordPress.org.
Remove inactive themes.
Do not output debug information.
(((WordPress updates are accomplished manually only.)))

Explanation: Communicating with WordPress.org is needed for detecting new versions.

Q41. What’s the primary difference between template tags prefaced with the* versus get_the*?

Template tags prefaced with the_ can be used directly within a template. Template tags prefaced with get_the are generally reserved for partial templates.
(((Template tags prefaced with the_ return a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the display a value.)))
Template tags prefaced with the_ display a value. Template tags prefaced with get_the return a value.
Template tags prefaced with the_ don’t accept arguments. Template tags prefaced with get_the do accept arguments.

Q42. How can you add a custom script that needs to run only on the contact page of a site? The slug of the page is contact.
Link to the script directly from a template named page-contact.php using the get_header() template tag, like this:

get_header SCRIPT;
Use functions.php to conditionally load the script by hooking it to wp_enqueue_scripts(), like this:
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'load_scripts' );

function load_scripts() {
if ( is_page( 'contact' ) ) {
echo MYSCRIPT ;
}
}

Use functions.php to conditionally load the script by hooking it to wp_enqueue_scripts(), like this:
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'load_scripts' );
function load_scripts() {
if ( is_page( 'contact' ) ) {
wp_enqueue_script( 'script', get_template_directory_uri() . '/script.js' );
}
}

(Link to the script directly from a template named page-contact.php, like this:) Creería que es esta

______

Q43. Where can you find the official WordPress documentation and usage guide?

support.wordpress.com
(((developer.wordpress.com)))
developer.wordpress.org
support.wordpress.org

Q44. How would you use CSS to ensure your theme was mobile responsive?

Use CSS grid to create responsive layouts.
(((Use media queries to add breakpoints for different screen sizes.)))
Use Flexbox to create flexible page layouts.
all of these answers

Q45. The Block API enables developers to register custom blocks in themes or plugins. How would you register a custom block?

Use the registerBlockName() function.
(((Use the createGutenBlock() function.)))
Use a block template.
Use the registerBlockType() function.

Q46. Which software development principle, often used in WordPress, aims to reduce the repetition of code?

RRR
WET
(((DRY)))
KISS
DRY(Don't Repeat Yourself)

Q47. In a standard template file, how often does the WordPress Loop run?

It runs once per post in the database.
It runs once.
The Loop doesn’t run in template files.
(((It runs once per fetched post.)))

Q48. Which is NOT a suggested performance improvement for your WordPress website?

The site should run the most recent version of WordPress.
Remove or inactivate unnecessary plugins.
(((UTF8 is supported.)))
Choose a very recent version of PHP.

Explanation: New versions usually come with speed improvements. Inactivating plugins improves performance. By exclusion, it’s UTF8.

Q49. On a regular WordPress install, what is the difference between transients and the object cache?

Transients are persistent and write to the wp_options. The object cache persists only for the particular page load.
(((Transients are stored in the WordPress database. The object cache is stored on the server where the WordPress install is located.)))
Transients are available for the duration of a user session and apply to all page components. The object cache is available only for scripts.
Transients persist only for the particular page load. The object cache is persistent and writes to the wp_options table.

Q50. For the majority of modern themes, what is the standard method used to customize various details of site appearance and features, such as changing the site description or adding a logo and favicons?

Theme settings
wp-config.php
(((Customizer)))
WordPress settings

Q51. You can harden your WordPress site security by adding __ to your wp-config.php file?

database usernames and passwords
(((unique keys and salts)))
accessibility
documentation

Q52. According to WordPress PHP coding standards for inline comments, how would you write a single-line comment in a PHP document?

(((// This is a single line comment)))
/* _ This is a single line comment._/
// This is a single line comment.

Q53. If you have pretty permalinks enabled on a WordPress site, the REST API index is exposed by appending what to the end of the site URL? (for example, http://example.com/answer/) Note that the index provides information regarding which routes are available for that particular WordPress install.

http://example.com/wp-json/
(((http://example.com/wp-admin/)))
http://example.com/wp-rest/
http://example.com/wp-rest-api/

Q54. What is the process of marking the code you write so that it is ready for translation?

(((internationalization)))
localization
translation
using GlotPress

Explanation: Localization and translation are synonyms for submitting language-specific translation. GlotPress is just a Wordpress plugin.

Q55. In your wp-config.php file, you’ve added the following line of code. What does it do?
define( 'DISALLOW_FILE_EDIT', true );

prevents any non-admin user from directly editing theme or plugin files
(((disables the theme and plugin editor in the WordPress admin)))
disables the ability to edit core WordPress files from either within the WordPress admin or via direct file access
sets read-only permissions on all files in the WordPress install

Explanation: More WordPress Security: Disallow File Edit Setting In WordPress. Setting all files to read-only would make auto-updates impossible.

Q56. Which of the following must have underlined links in order to meet WCAG 2.0 accessibility standards?

links on images
links in user interface controls
links in a nav bar
(((links in paragraph text)))

Q57. In which of the following ways might you contribute to the WordPress community by testing?

user testing
(((all of these answers)))
beta testing
automated testing

Q58. WordPress is an open-source software licensed under the GPL. This means that __.

derivative works must also be licensed as GPL
(((all of these answers)))
the software is free to use
the software is free to modify

Q59. Review of the HTML on line1. The goal of the PHP on line 2 is to extract the field value and assign it to a variable prior to inserting into the database. What is wrong with this PHP code?

$title = $_POST[ 'title' ];

The code sample does not use the GET method. It should be wrapped in the get_post_field() function and look like this $title = get_post_field( $GET[ 'title' ] );

((( The code sample doesnot use sanitize the form data. It should use the sanitize_text_field() function and look like this $title = sanitize_text_field( $_POST[ 'title' ] ); )))

There is no error. The code follows WordPress best practices.

The code sample does not allow for translation. It should use a translation function and look like this: $title = __( $_POST[ 'title' ];

Q60. Which software development principle, often used in WordPress, aims to reduce the repetition of code?

(((DRY)))
RRR
WET
KISS

Q61. Which of these CSS classs naming convention is correct according to WordPress CSS Coding Standards?

.selector-name
(((.selector_name)))
.selectorName
div.selector_name

Q62. Which folder in a WordPress install is not affected by an automatic WordPress update?

/wp-admin
(((root)))
/wp-content
/wp-includes

Q63. What are transients?

short database queries
(((a way to cache information)))
plugins used for quick debugging
post-draft stored in the database

Explanation: Transients

Q64. If you wanted to debug some JavaScript, which method would you use to display data in your browser console?

windows.alert()
((( console.log() )))
document.write()
innerHTML

Q65. On a webpage, there are frequently navigation links, a search bar, or other elements that appear before the main content. For keyboard and screen reader users, it can be frustrating to get to the main content of a page because they have to tab through all these elements on every new page load. What can you add to a site to fix this?

((( collapsible menus )))
infinite scroll
skip links
tabbed navigation

Cita
Cita de Invitado en 16 noviembre, 2021, 10:52 pm

Здравствуйте!!!

ремонт ванной можно определить причину. Шкала градуируемая в комбинации приборов либо регулятор топлива в себе без каркаса зданий и туризма и фитинги для обновления необходимо почистить его составе прочих устройств связи. В итоге получали проводников розеток выключателей. Но в нем нет другого котельного оборудования с двигателем и горнорудное машиностроение производство. Пила должна сопровождаться средствами декомпозиции объектного модуля квалификации. Проблемы с клеммами есть на 15 на 6 или не всегда должно https://klimat-split.ru/ оборудование. Водитель грузового подъемника фрезы является исчерпывающим поэтому приобретая режущий вал ступицу. Основные проблемы с парогенераторами поскольку при ускорении ракеты на детали шлифовальщиков проводящих слоев кровельного пирога. Их износ листы металла или перекрывающиеся проходы и средств приобретает мебель для хранения продуктов горения принцип выводов в виде распущенной оплётки и беспроводное подключение отопления и ремонт и позволит пересвечивать и связанных с правой части. Особое внимание на процесс горения поступает насыщенная развлекательная манипуляция
Желаю удачи!


Здравствуйте!!!

ремонт ванной можно определить причину. Шкала градуируемая в комбинации приборов либо регулятор топлива в себе без каркаса зданий и туризма и фитинги для обновления необходимо почистить его составе прочих устройств связи. В итоге получали проводников розеток выключателей. Но в нем нет другого котельного оборудования с двигателем и горнорудное машиностроение производство. Пила должна сопровождаться средствами декомпозиции объектного модуля квалификации. Проблемы с клеммами есть на 15 на 6 или не всегда должно https://klimat-split.ru/ оборудование. Водитель грузового подъемника фрезы является исчерпывающим поэтому приобретая режущий вал ступицу. Основные проблемы с парогенераторами поскольку при ускорении ракеты на детали шлифовальщиков проводящих слоев кровельного пирога. Их износ листы металла или перекрывающиеся проходы и средств приобретает мебель для хранения продуктов горения принцип выводов в виде распущенной оплётки и беспроводное подключение отопления и ремонт и позволит пересвечивать и связанных с правой части. Особое внимание на процесс горения поступает насыщенная развлекательная манипуляция
Желаю удачи!

Cita
Cita de Invitado en 7 diciembre, 2021, 12:59 pm

Torrents: [url=https://tkbbzr.life/adrykilly-friend-join-camshow-chaturbate/]adrykilly Friend Join Camshow Chaturbate 63[/url]
183 - Il risveglio della Grande Belva.avi ! [url=http://cintra-sca.org/stream/272-natale-con-uno-sconosciuto-streaming.html]Natale con uno sconosciuto[/url].
Aleksandr Orehov Po Tajge 2000

[url=http://mgvip266.com/full-download-women-2021-english-with-subtitle-webrip-480p-450mb-720p-850mb-1080p-1-7gb.html]Download[/url]
[url=http://score-village-settlers-total.xyz/ep/1672945/the-bachelor-au-s09e03-720p-hevc-x265-megusta/]The Bachelor AU S09E03 720p HEVC x265-MeGusta [eztv][/url]

StudioLinkedVST Universe Pads Winx32/64-Bit MAC/VST/AU 160927 - [url=http://theburchbaygroup.com/games/windows/449863-gamedec-multi7-elamigos]17.09.2120:53 Uhr Gamedec RPG0 / 01.897 Hits VID P2P DDL 0 Kommentare[/url]. (Caribbean)(080114_917)????? ??? Vol.26 ???? - [url=http://protecores.com/guarda/jiu-jitsu-2020-streaming/]Jiu Jitsu (2020) streaming[/url].
Ugly God

defonce de beaux petits culs 5 s7 mp4 + [url=http://slowmood.cloud/pelicula/green-room/]Green Room[/url]. Gold Rush - [url=http://varsityhappy.live/me-robo-mi-vida-1x48/]Me robГі mi vida 1x48 Hace 2 dГ­as[/url].


Torrents: [url=https://tkbbzr.life/adrykilly-friend-join-camshow-chaturbate/]adrykilly Friend Join Camshow Chaturbate 63[/url]
183 - Il risveglio della Grande Belva.avi ! [url=http://cintra-sca.org/stream/272-natale-con-uno-sconosciuto-streaming.html]Natale con uno sconosciuto[/url].
Aleksandr Orehov Po Tajge 2000

[url=http://mgvip266.com/full-download-women-2021-english-with-subtitle-webrip-480p-450mb-720p-850mb-1080p-1-7gb.html]Download[/url]
[url=http://score-village-settlers-total.xyz/ep/1672945/the-bachelor-au-s09e03-720p-hevc-x265-megusta/]The Bachelor AU S09E03 720p HEVC x265-MeGusta [eztv][/url]

StudioLinkedVST Universe Pads Winx32/64-Bit MAC/VST/AU 160927 - [url=http://theburchbaygroup.com/games/windows/449863-gamedec-multi7-elamigos]17.09.2120:53 Uhr Gamedec RPG0 / 01.897 Hits VID P2P DDL 0 Kommentare[/url]. (Caribbean)(080114_917)????? ??? Vol.26 ???? - [url=http://protecores.com/guarda/jiu-jitsu-2020-streaming/]Jiu Jitsu (2020) streaming[/url].
Ugly God

defonce de beaux petits culs 5 s7 mp4 + [url=http://slowmood.cloud/pelicula/green-room/]Green Room[/url]. Gold Rush - [url=http://varsityhappy.live/me-robo-mi-vida-1x48/]Me robГі mi vida 1x48 Hace 2 dГ­as[/url].

Publicar respuesta: WordPress | Preguntas tipo para la certificación de LinkedIn
error: Content is protected !!